Jiangmen is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门, based on its pronunciation in theMandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men. The Postal Map spelling “Kongmoon” was based upon the same name’s Cantonese pronunciation Gong-mun. Other forms of the name includeKong Moon,] Kongmun, and Kiangmoon. The name is often the butt of local jokes, since both Jiangmen and 肛門 or 肛门 (gāngmén, “anus“) are pronounced identically in Cantonese. This has led to proposals to change the name of the city, such as a 2009 campaign to rename it Qiáodū (t 僑都, s 侨都), “Capital of the Overseas Chinese“, in honor of the region’s contributions to the Chinese diaspora.
The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway. Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres (3,580 sq mi), about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta.
Jiangmen is also known as Pengjiang.] Its hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora as the “Four Counties” (q.v.), although the addition of Heshan to Jiangmen has prompted the remaining locals to begin calling it the “Five Counties” instead.
Historically, Jiangmen Town was a community under the administration of nearby Xinhui County. Jiangmen, however, was forced to open to western trade in 1902. A legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with western-style buildings. The city has an ongoing renewal project which is restoring many of these buildings. Jiangmen was proclaimed a city in 1951 and later became the prefectural seat for the “Four County” region including Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping. (In Mainland China but not abroad, the area became known as the “Five Counties” when Heshan was added to Jiangmen’s jurisdiction.)
In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years. The city reserved a 13-acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs, but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated.
SOURCE – INTERNET & WIKIPEDIA